General Intelligence (G Factor) & The 5 Factors of IQ Defined
Your general intelligence (called ‘G’ or the ‘G Factor’) can be defined as:
Your ability to reason, problem solve, decide, learn & act successfully in the pursuit of your valued goals.
General intelligence has three basic dimensions – knowledge base, thinking skills & cognitive efficiency – made up of 5 factors. Click for the definitions of the different factors of IQ below.
Gc: Crystallized intelligence – general knowledge, verbal ability
Gf: Fluid intelligence – reasoning and novel problem solving ability
Gv: Visual intelligence – the ability to manipulate mental visual images to solve problems
Gs: Processing speed – the speed at which basic cognitive processes are executed
Gsm: Short term / working memory – the amount of information that can be integrated and processed at the same time
Fluid intelligence, crystallized intelligence and working memory combine in
Gq: Quantitative intelligence – the amount of information that can be integrated and processed at the same time
While all of the factors underlie your overall general intelligence:
G: General intelligence – the amount of information that can be integrated and processed at the same time