The scientific basis of the 2G+ DNB training is explained here. Several decades of cognitive neuroscience research have been pooled in its development. The founder and director of IQ Mindware is Dr Mark Ashton Smith who has a cog psych and neuroscience joint PhD from the joint Carnegie Mellon and University of Pittsburgh ‘Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition‘ (CNBC) Program, and was an Assist. Professor (Lecturer) at the University of Cambridge. His grad student colleagues in the CNBC  (e.g. Dr Todd Braver, Dr Randall O’Reilly) have independently been key developers behind the main training principles that have been  incorporated into the 2G+ formula. Others in the CNBC program have devoted many years of research to understanding effective brain training (e.g. Dr Jason Chein). While Dr Ashton Smith’s fellow grad students have continued their  university careers, he has branched into applying his cognitive neuroscience background to developing evidence-based interventions for health, resilience and cognitive performance.


i3 Mindware 2G+
 has been developed by cognitive neuroscientist Mark Ashton. Smith, Ph.D.  Dr Ashton Smith obtained a joint Ph.D. in cognitive psychology and neuroscience from the joint Carnegie Mellon University and Pittsburgh University Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition (CNBC) programFor a number of years he was a Lecturer/Assistant Professor in the Experimental Psychology Department at the University of Cambridge, England.  His active research can be found here. His CV can be found here.


In 2010, after helping spearhead a number of cognitive neuroscience programs in multiple universities since leaving the University of Cambridge, I decided that I wanted to apply my training and research insights to helping people improve their resilience and cognitive performance through evidence-based interventions – while continuing to collaborate with university research labs around the world. This has proven to be an effective and rewarding formula.